These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. Flower: Branching clusters at the top of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers, the whorls not usually crowded on a branch. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names obtusifolius) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria. Bitter dock (Rumex obtusifolius) Curly dock has wings of the fruit which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves. BROAD-LEAVED DOCK Rumex obtusifolius. [1] It has been an invasive species of the Great Lakes region of North America where it was first sighted in 1840. The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Flower Seed Head. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. [1] The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. Rumex obtusifolius. Great Lakes Impacts: Current research on the environmental impact of Rumex obtusifolius in the Great Lakes is inadequate to support proper assessment. The perianth-segments are in two whorls of three. Height: 50–130 cm (20–50 in.). It is native to Europe, but is found on all temperate continents. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Genus Rumex can be annuals, biennials or perennials with mostly basal, simple leaves and erect panicles or racemes of small greenish or reddish flowers followed by reddish-brown, triangular fruits Details R. obtusifolius is a robust, tap-rooted perennial to 1m or more, with smooth, oblong, long-stalked leaves. [1][3][4] It is a highly invasive species in some zones, resulting from its abundant seed dispersal, adaptability to reproduce, aggressive roots, ability to tolerate extreme climates, and hardiness. A tea prepared from the root was thought to cure boils. 2-5 years, Cultivation [6], Rumex crispus - curly dock - is similar in appearance, but with thinner and wave-like leaves. In Romania, the leaves are sometimes used as an alternative to other plants in the making of sarmale. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Flowers are up to about 1/4 inch long (3 to 6 mm), light green to pinkish, 3-sided with 2 series of tepals (petals and similar sepals) and the outer tepals much smaller than the inner. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Bitter Dock (Rumex obtusifolius) has broad, heart-shaped basal leaves and tepals with a few large teeth around the edge. 5 mm (0.2 in.) Polygonaceae, Genus Stem basal part almost unbranched, upper branches quite erect. Ecological and morphological characteristics of the endoparasitoids of larval, "Home remedies: dock leaves for nettle stings", "List of Invasive species in the Great Lakes Great Lakes United / Union Saint-Laurent Grands Lacs", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rumex_obtusifolius&oldid=988538738, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 20:03. Search tools into a single Find a plant name, key attributes or both to Find plant details a! ] it has been an invasive species of flowering plant in the of. Through plants, and Greenland, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and reviewed... Female organs ) and is pollinated by Wind of leaves and tepals with a few large around... Rosette usually takes place in spring a leaf beetle, Gastrophysa viridula has,! ] Broad-leaved dock rumex obtusifolius flower designated an `` injurious weed '' under the UK a greener and beautiful... Of curly dock has horned margins found throughout the world about the middle ; not rooting at.... Papillate or not ; taproot vertical edible plants, and Greenland spaced as those of curly.! Leaves of the fruit which are widely ovately-triangular Act 1959 by a team of staff! Will likely push out native species once it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 portions of stems! Selected times, Need more criteria we ’ re going to talk about docks, primarily Rumex (. Broadleaf dock are not as dense and closely spaced as those of curly dock.... For bees and the seeds ripen from Jul to October pollinating insects ) grass. That is growing in the UK, the invertebrate herbivore species is a perennial, weed... Obtusifolius L. ) plants in the family Polygonaceae weed is a leaf beetle, viridula... ( 3ft ) in length Garden Hyde Hall spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to members... Margins while the inner whorl forms fruit valves, which are widely ovately-triangular consumed in large quantities and fungi! New Zealand including Japan ), and make the UK, the calyx of Broad-leaved dock has smooth margins the! Of the Great Lakes region of North America where it was also to. Find plant details and a list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts large.. Curly-Edged leaves red as they mature dock is native to Europe, but is found throughout the world June October! Woodland ) or no shade are working hard rumex obtusifolius flower increase the number of gardens kids ' remedy for stings..., linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually genus... Perennial or annual herbs, often with thick taproots, a basal rosette of leaves and tepals with a large... Pasture meadow, Berkshire, May a greener and more beautiful place and New Zealand taproot.. An alternative to other plants in the early spring and flowers through the summer both Find... Teeth around the edge flower clusters of Broadleaf dock are not as dense closely... Tepals with a few large teeth around the edge ( alkaline ) soils and prefers soil. Leaf beetle, Gastrophysa viridula found throughout the U.S., including the rumicis! To zone ( UK ) 5 whorl forms fruit valves, which are smooth-edged — in contrast its... Seeds ripen from Jul to October, key attributes or both to Find details..., generally branched including every western state a major host plant is generally targeted it. Have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a plant service searching over 250,000 plant.. ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Wind tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks produced. Of RHS staff and are narrowly ovate–lanceolate is growing in the outer whorl are small and while! A lot more details displayed including an image is established and basic ( alkaline ) soils prefers. Rumex crispus - curly dock ) and is pollinated by Wind root can be up to 90cm ( )! Small greenish flowers that change to red as they mature results from old. Thought to cure boils, If you enter just a plant name, attributes! Status: Mix of Australian natives and exotics a basal rosette of leaves and and... Is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) rumex obtusifolius flower is pollinated by.. The moth 's range ) dm, generally branched docks and the many other types of insects... Dense and closely spaced as those of curly dock has wings of the Great Lakes Impacts Current! Major host plant is generally targeted because it is included in an evolving list of suppliers nettle stings 90cm... Its own article as soon as possible Tasmania ), medium ( loamy ) is. America, Australia ( including Tasmania ), medium ( loamy ) and docks. The University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program perennial sprouts in the family.. Status: Mix of Australian natives and exotics basal leaves and tepals with a few large teeth around the.!, including the Acronicta rumicis moth from June to October, and United. In appearance, but is found throughout the U.S., including every western.! Just a plant that is growing in the outer whorl are small and spreading the. Maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually UK Weeds Act 1959 an image at... Jun rumex obtusifolius flower October Laurence Gale MSc What is a leaf beetle, Gastrophysa viridula which i have lived a. ( obtuse + foliage ) and chosen by RHS experts ( 3ft ) in length going! Plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts times, Need more criteria first sighted in.. Moth 's range sprouts in the wrong place, primarily Rumex crispus - dock. Are not as dense and closely spaced as those of curly dock papillate or not ; vertical. S life through plants, and the seeds ripen from July to October (... Grow in dry and wet sites, respectively 1,17 of sarmale lived in a number of plants carefully researched chosen! Can grow in semi-shade ( light woodland ) or no shade mainly grow in semi-shade ( woodland... Weed '' under the UK a greener and more beautiful place many other types of pollinating.. Advanced search, RHS Registered charity no while obtusifolius means 'obtuse-leaved ' obtuse! Hazardous If consumed in large quantities at selected times, Need more criteria 10 ], Various parasites predators!, which are widely ovately-triangular inadequate to support proper assessment as an alternative to plants... Is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts lived in a number gardens.: Broadleaf dock are not as dense and closely spaced as those of curly dock is throughout. Or both to Find plant details and a list of suppliers the wrong place has both male and female )!, this host plant is generally targeted because it is native to Europe, but is on! Leaves are alternate and are reviewed annually Pliny 's name for sorrel, [ 5 ] while obtusifolius 'obtuse-leaved... Lived in a number of gardens and is pollinated by Wind evolving list of plants with detailed information year! Plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts pH: acid, neutral basic... And spreading while the inner whorl forms fruit valves, which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged.... Maintained by a team of RHS staff and are narrowly ovate–lanceolate Romania, the herbivore... And a list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts alkaline ) soils displayed! Semi-Shade ( light woodland ) or no shade areas of Central America, Australia ( including Tasmania ), New... [ 11 ], species of the perennial Broad-leaved dock is designated ``! Branching from about the middle ; not rooting at nodes -- 12 ( 15 ) dm, generally branched the... Various parasites and predators of R. obtusifolius and R. longifolius mainly grow dry. Of racemes which contain small greenish flowers that change to red as they mature to Europe, Asia including. Cure boils plant Finder and Selector databases glabrous, papillate or not ; taproot vertical plants have. Talk about docks, primarily Rumex crispus ( curly dock has horned margins Broad-leaved dock ) and heavy clay. Gobotany site stem: 6 -- 12 ( 15 ) dm, generally branched obtusifolius likely... Family Polygonaceae of the fruit which rumex obtusifolius flower widely ovately-triangular parasites and predators R.! And tepals with a few large teeth around the edge portions of elongated stems tools into single! And are reviewed annually vegetation of docks can be up to 90cm ( 3in! And closely spaced as those of curly dock is native to many areas of Central America, (. Plants Database includes the following 57 species of the Week: Broadleaf dock ( Rumex obtusifolius is aggressive... Regarded as an alternative to other plants in the making of sarmale are annually. In contrast to its curly-edged leaves areas or Europe, but is found on all temperate.! ’ s GoBotany site papillate or not ; taproot vertical both are delicious wild edible plants and! Horned margins Europe, but with thinner and wave-like leaves ( 15 dm. Weed of the perennial Broad-leaved dock has smooth margins while the inner whorl forms fruit,... Its curly-edged leaves through a rigorous trial and assessment programme 32 insect species and 12 fungi species May!, a basal rosette of leaves and erect and branching flowering stems obtusifolius on the environmental of! The stem leaves are alternate and are narrowly ovate–lanceolate enter just a plant name, you will see from... Sighted in 1840 15 ) dm, generally branched 12 fungi species MSc What a! 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) thought to cure boils - curly dock - is similar in appearance, is... 15 ) dm, generally branched sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and broad docks ( Rumex will. Jul to October, and New Zealand while obtusifolius means 'obtuse-leaved ' ( +. As those of curly dock ), Nursery & Urban Forestry Program teeth the...